family hails from
Mangeshi, a small village in Goa. Lata's father is Dinanath Mangeshkar
mother is Shevanti called as Srimathi. Dinanath became a singer at the
14. He joined a music troupe called Kirloskar Sangeeth Mandali. As he
travel along with the troupe he took the family also with him. Dinanath
with the troupe for four years. Then he started his own company,
Sangeeth Mandali, when he was 18.
was born on 28th
September 1929 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. The child was named Hema. At
father used to call her Hridaya. Later on, the family members started
her Lata. She was the eldest daughter of the family. She learnt
music, first from her father, and then joined Ustaad Amaan Khan to
tone her skills. For some time Pandit Tulsidas Sharma, who was a
Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali was her tutor too.
was a born artist and
within a short span of time she mastered classical music. It is
know that she gave her first performance in classical music at the age
She could have become a great classical singer, but the charm and
playback singing attracted her much.
father had died in
the burden of supporting the family fell on Lata. She acted in some
Marathi films to ease the economic problems of the family. But she was
particular to become a playback singer and the chance came in the year
Sadashiv Nevrekar, a music director gave her a chance to sing in 'Kiti
a Marathi film. She sang her first Hindi song for the Hindi film 'Aap
Mein' for which Datta Davjekar was the music director. In fact, when
seeking a chance to sing in the film 'Shaheed' in 1948, she was
the reason that her voice was too mild. Many people thought that her
like that of Noor Jehan but she soon developed her own style. She hired
to learn Urdu to its perfection. Lata sang Urdu songs as well.
Lata has composed music
few films too. She did not use her real name for it but used the name
Dhan. She has been the music director for Ram Ram Pavhuney, Manjuda,
Tituka Medwava, Sadhi Mansey and Tanhdi Mali-all are Marathi films.
do not know that Lata has produced films too. In 1953 she produced a
film 'Wadad' and that was her first film as a producer. The same year
produced a Hindi film 'Jhaanjar'. Afterwards she produced two Hindi
her own 'Kanchaan' in 1955 and 'Lekin' in 1988.
rendered the heavy basy nasal voices of the day obsolete. Maoy singers
disappeared from the scene except the great singer Shamshad Begum.
After a few
years, her sister Asha Bhosle joined her and the two sisters were the
Indian playback singing till the 90's. She had another sister called
Mangeshkar and brother Hridayanath Mangeshkar.
because she has a meticulous way of singing. First she tries to
story line of the film, and then she understands the situation in which
heroine sings the songs and finally modulating her voice. She does her
work-playback singing. When the film is screened it appears that the
herself sings the song and not Lata.
has sung under all
directors of the Hindi film world except O.P. Nayyar and with almost
playback singers. Lata is infact a rare artist who has realized her
excellence. Her hard work has paid her rich dividends. She has sung
ghazals too. Over Royalty issue, she stopped singing in R.K. Films for
a lover of sports
especially Cricket, Football and Tennis. She is much interested in
She is a very good cook too. She is a Phalke Award winner in 1984 and
conferred the Bharat Ratna in 2001 - the highest civilian award of
Recognising her extraordinary talent, the Government of Madhya pradesh
instituted the “Lata Mangeshkar Award”, in 1984, which is
given to some
deserving winner every year.
Lata's name figured in the Guinness Book,
there was a controversy that it was a false entry, for Md. Rafi, the
singer had sung more number of songs than Lata. In 1999 Lata was