Confucius is one of the greatest
philosophers in world history. His teachings and philosophy gave birth
movement 'Confucianism' that lives on even today.
Confucius was born in the
state of Lu
which was ruled by the noble Kung clan. His father died when he was
old. He lived in poverty but received fine education. He displayed
mental ability since his childhood. Although he had to work hard for
yet his interest in education and quest for knowledge never lessened.
married at the age of sixteen and
marriage proved miracle for him. Marriage was inspiring event for him
blossomed into a philosopher. He began his career as a teacher and
preaching disciples that gathered around him. Later on, he founded an
in which the principles of right conduct and governance were taught.
the age of fifty, he was appointed magistrate of Chung-tu and the next
minister of Crime of the State of Lu. He proved to be an excellent
and the crime was almost eliminated as Confucius was practical and
rather than religious.
was a restorer of ancient morality and held that acts in life should he
on the five virtues of kindness, uprightness, decorum, wisdom and
that constitute the whole of human duty. Confucianism became the
ideology of the Chinese state. The principles of Confucianism have been
compiled as the Analects (or conversations).
continues to be regarded as China's greatest teacher. His thoughts
official religion of China. He died at the age of seventy one. The
still remember his teachings of kindness, love for others and reverence