Nobel was the
dynamite and the founder of Nobel Prizes, which are considered the
prizes of the world. Nobel Prizes are given annually to persons for
contribution in various fields. These fields are physics, chemistry,
economics, literature and peace.
Nobel was born in Stockholm in 1833. His father was also a famous
inventor. Alfred received his education at St. Petersburg, Russia. He
the United States to study mechanical engineering. Then he went to
he fell in love with a girl, who died soon after their friendship. His
was broken. Dejected, he returned to his father's factory and dedicated
to work. He is particularly remembered for the development of powerful
Nobel's invention of dynamite was a matter of chance. One day, he was
nitroglycerine in his laboratory. He knew that nitroglycerine is a
powerful explosive, which would explode at the slightest jerk. Working
one day, a few drops of this fluid fell out of the flask into a box of
earth powder below. Alfred noticed that the fluid did not explode and
into a paste. But, when he set fire to it, it made a powerful
Nobel called this paster dynamite.
Alfred's loneliness due to
loss of his lady love was healed up a little because of his involvement
scientific development. He devoted his life for the peaceful use of
great fortune favored him, thanks to his invention of dynamite.
1890, he wrote his 'Great Will' in which he bequeathed nine million
the interest earned on it to those who most benefited mankind. Later
award came to be known as Nobel Prize, instituted by the Swedish
The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901. On 10th December, 1896, he
solitude, remaining a bachelor throughout his life. But he left his
in history and would be remembered by the generations to come.