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Rabindranath Tagore
(1861 - 1941)

    Rabindranath Tagore was a world-class poet of the twentieth century. Our National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was composed by Tagore. Tagore was also a freedom fighter, educationist, painter, philosopher and play-writer. In 1913, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his well-known poems written in 'Gitanjali'.

    Rabindranath was born in 1861 in Bengal. He was sent to school many times, but he could not study in school, as he found that the conventional type of discipline and education hampered the growth of his independent spirit. So he studied at home by a tutor.

    During his early youth, he fell in love with a girl, who enlivened his spirit. Tagore drove more and more into mental reflection without access to the world. The natural environment infused joy and serenity in him. His father taught him impressions of Upanishads which stirred him to be a poet. He was encouraged in self-development and never clipped his Poetic wings.

    In 1877, young Tagore sailed for England for the first time with the intention to study law there. But the profession did not appeal to him and he returned to India after one year. Rabindranath broke away from conservative traditions and inaugurated a fresh era of literary activity. At the age of twenty two, he wrote a collection of poems under the title 'Prabhat Sangeet'. His heart filled with joy whenever he was amidst the beauty of nature.

    He was imbued with national feelings and used his pen to write political poems, songs and essays.

In 1901, Tagore founded a school,  Shantiniketan (now Vishwabharati University) at Bolpur. He wrote novels and stories, which originated from imagination blended with humanity. He never crushed his spirit for social norms and believed in freedom and discipline. He died in 1941.

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