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Niepce
(1765-1833)


    Niepce was the inventor of a mechanical device that made photography possible. He was the genius who started working in the direction of making photography possible and was acclaimed as the founder of photography only after hundred years of his innovative work.

    Niepce was born in 1765 in France. He was of inquisitive nature from his childhood. He started doing experiments with his brother and both of them made an engine that could be fitted to boats. But they could not find a manufacturer willing to make engines that could be marketed commercially. In these circumstances, Niepce became bankrupt and depressed. His genius mind did not let him remain depressed for much time and he started working afresh with a painter. The painter saw his intelligence and appreciated him a lot. This appreciation after a period of depression was very inspiring to Niepce and he started working to make another device that could take images.

    Niepce started experiments with English scientist Thomas Wedgewood. After a series of experiments, he conceived the theory and practical ideas of getting images on paper, glass, etc. In 1816, Niepce started assembling the first camera to get permanent photographs. But he got success in this direction after working hard for ten years. In 1822, Niepce was successful in his efforts in this direction by getting a negative on paper with the use of acids that were sensitive to light.


    By 1826, he got success in photography, but could not produce camera for commercial purpose. He made three cameras himself. His two rare photographs are still preserved in France. After hundred years, his son sold the rights of his invention to French Government.

















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