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Mao Tse-Tung

    Mao Tse-Tung turned a weak and semi-feudal backward country into one of the most powerful and largest communist states in the world. He was a visionary, a philosopher and a guerrilla leader who attempted to build a socialist society based on farming.

    Mao was born in a peasant family in 1893. Since his childhood, he loved to read books. China's history fascinated young Mao. His childhood exposed him to the hard life of the peasants and he became aware of the dormant strength of the peasant population. He stressed the need for rural China rather than urban China. When he grew up, he read a number of history books and became aware of the great Taiping rebellion, where the peasants had tried to form communist community. But they were suppressed by the Manchus.

    Mao also read the legendary San-yat Sen, who tried to overthrow the Manchu dynasty to find the Republic of China. These readings were the inspiring and turning point, which made him in his life, determined to do something for the peasants of China.

    He motivated about thousand peasants into communist thinking. During 1911-1912 revolution against the Manchu dynasty, Mao served in the nationalist army. He set up a soviet government and mobilized the First Red Army. Mao followed the Soviet model for constructing a socialist society through redistribution of land, heavy industrialization and centralized bureaucracy. He was made supreme commander of China in 1970. His policies helped China to make a giant leap. He wrote a book 'The Thoughts of Chairman Mao’ which is widely read. He died in Beijing in 1976.

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