was a great revolutionary, who
created one of the two greatest powers of the twentieth century from a
primitive, illiterate and feudal country. He overthrew the cruel
in Russia by organizing the peasants and the workers. Thus he brought a
revolution in 1917 to form communist Russia and devised a new way of
political life for his country.
real name was Vladimir
Ulyanov. He was born in 1870 in Volgo town of Simbirsk. His father was
teacher. He had an elder brother, Alexander. Both were good at studies.
college, his brother discovered that the police was very cruel to the
He made a plan to kill the Czar in 1887, but unluckily, the plot was
and Alexander was put to death by hanging. His execution stirred the
Lenin which left a lasting mark. This was a major happening in his
made him revolutionary.
studies, Vladimir came to know about the ideas of Karl Marx, the German
thinker, whose idea was that the workers should own the land and mills.
Germany, he started publishing a journal called 'The Spark' by the name
Lenin. Thus he came to be known as Lenin. He worked to cause the
the country. He organized the peasants and workers for struggle and was
to different places. But he continued to guide the revolutionary
the Russian people. He created a new party, the 'Bolshevic Party'. On
November 1917, the new Soviet government was formed, headed by Lenin.