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Jonathan Swift
(1667-1745)


    Jonathan Swift is reputed as author of ' Gulliver's Travels'. He was a literary genius and wrote some masterpieces in literature. He had a clear vision of future as well as imagination.

    Jonathan was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1667. His father died before his birth and his mother became a destitute due to untimely death of her husband. He grew under the care of his uncle Godwin Swift. He went to school and then entered Trinity College and obtained a degree. Jonathan started his career as secretary to Sir William Temple, a man of literary distinction. There, he read a good number of books and met many distinguished people. This literary environment in his youth was the inspiring event in the life of Jonathan to bend towards writing career.

    At Moor Park, Jonathan fell in love with an illegitimate daughter of Sir William Temple. Initially Jonathan wrote verses. In his poetical works, three long poems appeared. During 1697-1699, he wrote ‘A Tale of a Tub', a famous satire on his time. Thereafter, he kept on writing books and stories. He wrote Gulliver's Travels, Battle of the Books and the Mechanical Operation of the Spirit, which were published in 1704. In London, he wrote a number of pamphlets on church.


    He became involved in political affairs of the state. He devoted much energy to Irish affairs and became greatly popular. But popularity never made him proud. Although in later years, he became irritable and was caught in fits of rage. Nobody was there to look after him and he was haunted by the fear of losing his fertile mind. He died in 1745.












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