Giuseppe Garibaldi was the founder of
modern ltaly. The struggle for Italian independence and unification was
him and his movement was known as young Italy Movement. He was the
gave up his life to the service of his motherland. He fulfilled the
Mazzini of a united and strong ltaly.
was born in 1807 in a sailor's family. After his early education, he
a sailor. Then he became a member of an organization called 'Young
devoted his time in unifying small Italians of his day were little
slave, he made a solemn vow that he would dedicate his life to make his
free. He along with members of 'Young ltaly' pledged to rid his country
Austrians. His love of freedom was so strong that though he was
danger of death, he continued his fight for freedom.
organized a strong army of 1000 patriots, highly motivated to follow
leader to get freedom for their country. He called this
'Red Shirts'. The sight of their leader always thrilled the Italians,
addressed them with inspiring words. Garibaldi led two unsuccessful
to liberate Rome in 1862 and 1867.
he was recognized by the Austrians, Garibaldi had to surrender in San
Garibaldi was exiled to America. But when his years of exile were over,
to Italy with more vigor, where victory, at last was with him. His
long-cherished dream was fulfilled, when he defeated the Austrians.
represented Rome in the newly-elected Parliament of Italy and his each
Rome was a signal for demonstration of enthusiasm.