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Dante Alighieri
(1265-1321)


    Dante Alighieri was a prolific writer who enriched Italian literature and language, when the western world was struggling with the darkness of medieval belief and superstition. He heralded the dawn of the new learning. Dante shall always be remembered for his immortal work 'Divine Comedy', a long poem telling the story of an imaginary journey through Hell and Paradise.

    Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 in Florence, Italy. His father was a well-known lawyer. Dante studied language, science, music and philosophy industriously. At the tender age of nine, he fell in love with a beautiful girl, Beatrice. This blessed moment granted Dante the divine understanding of all mysteries of life. This moment of love was inspiring event which inspired Dante to blossom his traits. Although this divine love could not continue, yet it was the basis of his theology.

    Dante's first experience of politics was on the battlefield. Dante joined his country's army. He fought in a war in the side of Florence. But, Florence lost the war and thus his opponent seized power and exiled him from his native country. From 1302, he remained in exile for nineteen years until his death. Thus Dante led a wanderer's existence. In 1316, he was granted an amnesty under humiliating conditions, but Dante's pride forbade him to re-enter Florence. Dante preserved his honor at the cost of exile.


    During his exile his philosophy of life got strengthened. He wrote books of immortal fame. in his immortal book 'Divine Comedy', he poured out his distress and grief at the loss of his love Beatrice. In the epic, Dante is the hero and his love, Beatrice, the heroin. He considered hate, greed and laziness to be sins. In his book 'Divine Comedy', he has suggested men to follow the path of right conduct. Leaving his power of imagination and pen to win the future hearts, Dante died in 1321.























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