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Chichen Itza


    Before 1000 AD, the Maya people of the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico and Central America had very advanced civilizations in art, architecture, mathematics, engineering and astronomy. The finest cities built by the Maya were Chichen Itza, in the Yucatan Peninsula. They were discovered by the American explorer John L. Stevens in the 19th Century.

    Chichen Itza is remarkable for its careful mathematical proportions. A fine example is the "Pyramid of Kukulcan" - 197 feet high. It has a temple of sacrifice on top. Another fine architectural example is 'Ball Court'. It is 262 feet long and 121 feet wide and was used to play a ritual game called 'Tlachtli'.



    Chichen Itza's two great natural wells gave the city its name: Chichen means "mouth of the wells" and Itza were the Mayan's who founded the city. One of these wells "Cenote" or sacred well is 59 feet in diameter and 98 feet deep. This was famous for the sacrifice of women to please the rain God. The "Court of Thousand Columns" had pillars with serpent head sculptures and has the figure of rain God Chac Mol.




























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