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Chiang Kai-Shek
(1846-1975)


    Chiang Kai-Shek was the most prominent nationalist leader of Taiwan. He was the Chief of Staff of great revolutionary leader and the first president of China, Dr. Sun-yat Sen, who founded Nationalist party in 1891. Chiang also took part in the 1911 Chinese revolution.

    Chiang Kai-Shek was born in 1846 in a poor peasant family of Sikiang. He studied in Sikiang. He had to face the problem of unemployment but later, he joined the army. From his childhood he showed the qualities of courage and honesty. Slowly, due to his patriotic qualities, he gained more interest and confidence in the army. This rising confidence carved Chiang into good leader and he was praised for it. This praise and confidence was the inspiring point of his life, which guided him to be a politician and leader.

    He proved himself and able military general, who worked and also succeeded in unifying China by suppressing rebellions in a willful manner. After the death of Dr. Sun-yat Sen in 1925, Chiang Kai-Shek became the chief of Nationalist Party. In 1928, Chiang established a new national Government of China. Slowly, another political group was gaining strength in China. So Chiang had to face trouble from the communists in China. Chiang found his strength weakening after some years and later he was captured by the communists in 1936.


    Soon Chiang was released by the communists to fight the Japanese invaders. Japan was defeated in 1945 in World War II, but a Civil War broke out between forces of Chiang and communists in China. Chiang, a man of courage, was defeated badly by towering force and personality of Mao Tse-Tung. Chiang had to flee from China. He took shelter in Taiwan. Chiang established an independent government there and ruled. This courageous leader died in 1975.























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