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Brown Kiwi

Common Name: Brown Kiwi
Scientific Name: Apteryx Australis
Family: Aptergidae
Order: Aptergiformes
Size: Length: 19.5 to 25.5 in (50 to 65 cm)
Weight: 1.4 to 3.6 kg (3 to 8 lb)

    The key features of Brown Kiwi are, it is pear-shaped, terrestrial bird wiith long, thin bill and round head. It has no tail; stumpy legs; dense, dark brown plumage. Its habit is, feeds at night and spends daytime in burrows.

    Brown Kiwi nesting is in burrow or cavity, it lays up to 3 eggs and incubation is 75 to 84 days by the male. Kiwi's chicks are independent after 14 to 20 days; young males mature at 14 months and females mature at 2 years; 1 brood.

    Its diets are mostly invertebrates; some seeds and leaves. Brown Kiwi shrill, far carrying whistles that rise and fall in pitch; also grunts and growls are its voices. It lives in the dense rain forest; now forced to occupy scrub, thickets and grassland edge in absence of true habitat.

    Brown Kiwi distributed very local on both North and South Island of New Zealand and various offshore islands. Its status of population is declining but not yet threatened.