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Rabindranath Tagore
(384-322 B.C.)

    Aristotle was a great philosopher, thinker and biologist. He was a profound scholar and his studies were extraordinary. He was also the first man to attempt any kind of zoological classification as well as to describe the development of the hen's egg upto the final stages of the chick. He also introduced new methods of classification of plants, trees, shrubs and herbs.


    Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in the city of Stagira in Greece. His father was a physician at the court of Philip II of Macedon. Aristotle's parents died, while he was still young and he was left in the care of Proxenus. He was sent to Athens to study. He joined Plato's Academy, where he grew up to lay the firm foundations of his great scientific knowledge.

    Although his father had died, Aristotle's love for biological studies never diminished. Thus when he grew up, he turned to be a biologist. Aristotle was invited by King Philip of Macedon to become tutor of his son, Alexander. After teaching him for a couple of years, he returned to Athens. There, Aristotle opened his own school of philosophy called the 'Lyceum Academy'. He was a profound scholar and the range of his study was vast.

    He studied and made original contributions in disciplines like zoology, physics, botany, philosophy, economics and psychology. He spent his whole life in doing research and teaching. Aristotle toiled to complete an encyclopedia of philosophy and the known sciences. He was the author of about 400 works, but most of them are not available today. Among the available ones are histories of animals, politics, physics, ethics, etc.

    Aristotle has a multifaceted personality as a thinker, logician as well as scientist. About a year before his death, he had to flee from Athens as jealous people accused him of lacking reverence to God. This famous thinker died in 322 B.C.

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