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Alfred Nobel

    Alfred Nobel was the inventor of dynamite and the founder of Nobel Prizes, which are considered the highest prizes of the world. Nobel Prizes are given annually to persons for outstanding contribution in various fields. These fields are physics, chemistry, medicines, economics, literature and peace.

    Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm in 1833. His father was also a famous scientist and inventor. Alfred received his education at St. Petersburg, Russia. He went to the United States to study mechanical engineering. Then he went to Europe where he fell in love with a girl, who died soon after their friendship. His heart was broken. Dejected, he returned to his father's factory and dedicated himself to work. He is particularly remembered for the development of powerful explosive dynamite.

    Alfred Nobel's invention of dynamite was a matter of chance. One day, he was preparing nitroglycerine in his laboratory. He knew that nitroglycerine is a highly powerful explosive, which would explode at the slightest jerk. Working on it, one day, a few drops of this fluid fell out of the flask into a box of fine earth powder below. Alfred noticed that the fluid did not explode and it turned into a paste. But, when he set fire to it, it made a powerful explosion. Nobel called this paster dynamite.

    Alfred's loneliness due to earlier loss of his lady love was healed up a little because of his involvement in scientific development. He devoted his life for the peaceful use of dynamite. A great fortune favored him, thanks to his invention of dynamite.

    In 1890, he wrote his 'Great Will' in which he bequeathed nine million pounds and the interest earned on it to those who most benefited mankind. Later on, this award came to be known as Nobel Prize, instituted by the Swedish Government. The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901. On 10th December, 1896, he died in solitude, remaining a bachelor throughout his life. But he left his footprint in history and would be remembered by the generations to come.

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