Alexander Fleming was the
of penicillin, the medicine which kills bacteria. The discovery of
has revolutionized the treatment of diseases, caused due to bacteria.
Penicillin and the whole group of antibiotics enabled surgeons to
operations and life expectancy increased. Due to this medicine, today,
whole structure of society is altering.
Alexander Fleming was born
in 1881 in
Scotland. He showed deep interest in sports. He liked swimming,
football and climbing trees etc. After passing school, Alexander chose
medicine. There he met Almroh Wright, a great bacteriologist, who
to his laboratory. He accepted the invitation and worked there. Later
joined as a lieutenant in the Medical Research Centre in France.
that time, the First World War broke out and Fleming found many wounded
whose condition had deteriorated because of bacteria festering in their
He felt deep sorrow for this and this sorrow feeling was the inspiring
Alexander's life. He started thinking for the remedy.
kept on researching for a medicine which could kill bacteria in human
value of this discovery had become clear to him. At last, he succeeded
discovering penicillin, the wonder drug. He could now save thousands of
soldiers, sailors and airmen. Honor showered down on shy and sensitive
was awarded the highest civilian award of the world, the Noble Prize
Medicine. He devoted his entire life to his research. Alexander Fleming
1955 of an illness called coronary thrombosis, which his drug was